Medvedka in the garden

Medvedka in the garden

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The bear (Gryllotalpidae) is a beetle belonging to the family of large burrowing insects of the Orthoptera order, there are more than 110 species in it. The common bear (Gryllotalpidae gryllotalpa), also called cabbage, is most often found in summer cottages. In Europe, this bear is not found only in Norway and Finland, but it also lives in North Africa, Kazakhstan, Asia and the Caucasus, while the pest prefers sandy soil heated by the sun.

Medvedka spends most of its life underground, while it gets to the surface only in the dark. For the winter, it buries itself in a dung heap, where it is quite warm or buries itself in the soil to a depth of about two meters or even more. This insect eats both root crops and earthworms, and in general it is omnivorous. It can harm not only carrots, beets or potatoes, but also onions, cabbage, corn, oats, cucumbers, lettuce, garden strawberries, barley, rye, as well as flowers, melons and legumes.

Features of the bear

The garden bear is a rather large insect, the length of which can reach 50 mm. However, some gardeners claim that they saw larger individuals, the length of which was about 15 centimeters.

The cephalothorax of the bear is 3 times shorter than its soft abdomen, the shape of which is spindle-shaped, and in diameter it reaches about 10 mm. The abdomen is colored in a dark brown shade, and at its end there are cerci, which are paired filamentous appendages, the length of which is about 10 mm. The chest has reliable protection in the form of a durable shell; in case of danger, an insect can hide part of its head under it. On the head there are large compound eyes, and 2 more tentacles, powerful jaws and long antennae mustaches.

The front pair of limbs, on which the claws are located, has such a structure that allows the cabbage to dig the ground. It has wings, but their muscles begin to work only in the presence of warm air, which is why such an insect flies quite rarely, but at the same time it is an excellent swimmer. In the dark, especially during the mating season, you can hear cabbage girls singing, while they emit loud trills, chirp and chirp. Insects make all of these sounds by rubbing their wings.

Bears lay ovipositions near the soil surface, while they equip a nest approximately 6x6 centimeters in size. In one such nest, there can be up to 500 eggs, reaching 0.4–0.5 cm in diameter and having a dark yellow color. After only 15 days, larvae emerge from them. The shape of the body in the larva and in the adult is very similar, and it is colored gray. It will take several years for the larva to become an adult insect.

How to deal with a bear in the garden

If you do not know whether bears live on your site, carefully examine its surface. If on it you find small mounds consisting of earth rolled into lumps in a peculiar way, then this is a sure sign of the presence of a pest. After rain, these mounds are most clearly visible. These insects are most active in May, at this time they get out of the already heated soil. Therefore, it is in May that it is recommended to make traps on the site; for this, they dig several not very deep holes into which fresh manure or chopped straw is placed. After some time, adults climb into these pits to arrange their egg-laying, and the larvae that appear later will first feed on straw or manure. After 20-30 days, manure or straw is carefully pulled out and destroyed by fire.

To cleanse your area of ​​the pest, it is recommended that you find all the eggs. Since the nests are shallow, you can find them while digging up the soil. Those ovipositions that were found are carefully removed and placed in a bucket, after which they are burned. Try to prevent the female from climbing to the surface of the site while searching for nests. In order to destroy it, take any special chemical and decompose it little by little in each of the passages that lead from the nest.

In order to destroy an adult, you can use another method. To do this, after the discovery of egg-laying, it is poured with water, in which soap is previously dissolved. As a result, all the passages dug by the pest should be filled with liquid. The soap solution is capable of destroying both the larvae and the female, if during processing she will be located in one of the aisles. In the event that you do not manage to get rid of the female, then after a while she can return to the same place and again make a nest there. To prepare a soap solution, you need to combine 1 liter of water and 5 grams of washing powder or 1 gram of household soap crushed on a grater. You can also fill the moves with a solution consisting of 1 tbsp. l. vegetable oil and 4 liters of water or from 1 liter of water and 10 grams of kerosene (30 grams of solution is taken for one mink).

In the event that pests appeared on the site at the end of the growing season, then you need to wait for the onset of autumn. At a soil temperature of at least 8 degrees, you will need to dig pit traps, the depth of which can vary from 0.5 to 0.6 meters, their walls and bottom are covered with plastic wrap. After that, manure is placed in the pits, which has already begun to rot, and on top they are covered with boards or a piece of slate. After the onset of persistent frosts, remove the manure from the trap and scatter it over the surface of the site, all pests that decide to overwinter in warm manure will die from the cold. It is noticed that already at a temperature of 5 degrees, the bear becomes inactive, and at lower temperatures it dies.

An easy way to destroy a bear on your site

Remedies for Medvedka (preparations)

You can clean your area of ​​cabbage with the help of special chemicals. However, experts advise using them only when other methods of controlling insects have proved to be ineffective. The following drugs cope most effectively with cabbage caps:

  1. Medvetox... This product is available in the form of granules, which taste attractive to the bear. It contains poison that is harmful to the insect. For an adult to die, it only needs to eat 1 pellet.
  2. Bugbear... This drug is one of the most powerful in the fight against the bear. It is used in the form of a solution, while it is absolutely harmless to the environment.
  3. Chops... This remedy quite effectively fights cabbage, while it is relatively safe for humans. It is produced in the form of granules of a rich color, they are placed in the passages that are dug by insects.
  4. Thunder... This tool is highly effective, but it contains carcinogens, in this regard, it must be used very carefully. Only 3 or 4 granules are placed in the passages made by the pest.
  5. Grizzly... The drug is based on Diazonin, it is produced in the form of granules that have the color of bread. They are used extremely carefully, the granules are put into the passages dug by the pest.
  6. Bankcol... Such a contact-intestinal insecticidal preparation is low-toxic to humans. He paralyzes the bear, as a result, she cannot eat and dies after 2 or 3 days.
  7. Phenoxine plus... Granules of this drug have a taste and smell that attract a bear, they are laid out in several pieces in the passages made by the insect.
  8. Boverin... This biological agent does not harm both beneficial insects and warm-blooded animals at all. It destroys the pest due to the fact that it causes a fatal disease in it.


Folk remedies

To destroy cabbage, you can use not only pesticides and mechanical methods, they are also destroyed with the help of folk remedies that are absolutely safe for humans, animals and beneficial insects, of which there are quite a few, for example:

  1. Onion infusion... In order to cleanse your area of ​​the pest, it is recommended to spill it with infusion of onion husks several times with a break of 7 days. To make this infusion, you need to combine a bucket of water with 1 kg of waste and onion husks. After 4-6 days, the infusion will be ready, it will only be necessary to strain it. Before use, the agent is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5, and the soil is shed with it after the rain has passed.
  2. Traps... To get rid of this dangerous insect, gardeners often use honey or beer traps. A glass jar or a cut plastic bottle is dug into the ground, and their inner surface is coated with honey for bait by of the height. The trap is covered from above with an iron sheet and covered with a small amount of straw. Instead, a 0.5 L glass jar can be dug into the soil at an angle, into which 100 ml of fresh beer is poured. From above it is covered with an iron sheet or thick cardboard. After 7-10 days, the traps dig up and destroy the pests that are in them. You can make traps with manure, they are described in detail above.
  3. Eggshell... You can also get rid of the bear with the help of egg shells. To begin with, it is dried, crushed and combined with fried sunflower oil. 1 tbsp is placed in each landing groove or hole. this mixture during sowing seeds or planting seedlings. Kapustyanka will certainly want to taste the "treat", which will destroy her, plus the whole egg shell is an excellent food for plants.


Prevention measures

Many gardeners and gardeners know firsthand that it is much easier to prevent a bear from settling on a site than to get rid of it. There are a number of preventive measures that can help protect your garden or garden from pests:

  1. It is recommended annually in the autumn with the onset of cold weather to dig up the site to the depth of the shovel bayonet. Thanks to this, adult bears, as well as their larvae, will end up on the soil surface and die from low temperatures.
  2. Many experts advise against fertilizing the soil with manure. The fact is that the bear most often ends up in the garden with this fertilizer, in which she prefers to arrange nests and spend the winter. If necessary, chicken manure can be used instead of manure.
  3. Cabbage dwellers prefer to settle in those areas where the soil is well warmed up. That is why it is recommended to cover the surface of the site with a layer of light-colored mulch, for example, sawdust or straw. Due to this, the temperature of the soil will decrease, and the site will become unattractive to the pest.
  4. Medvedka can be scared away. It has been noticed that it does not tolerate the smell of cilantro, parsley, calendula, garlic, coriander, marigolds and chrysanthemums. Therefore, these plants are recommended to be planted between rows of garden crops. The insect also tries to bypass the fresh alder foliage, as well as the needles, so it is recommended to dig it into the grooves along the perimeter of the beds. Some summer residents recommend making deep grooves around the beds and pouring naphthalene into them, this can also scare off the cabbage.
  5. To scare the bear away from greenhouses, it is recommended to use a mixture consisting of 50-70 milligrams of kerosene and 1 kilogram of sand (this amount is enough for 1 square meter of the garden). To prepare the mixture, first the sand is combined with kerosene and everything is well mixed. Then a few shovels of dry soil are added to the mixture and everything is thoroughly mixed again. During the planting of seedlings, the resulting mixture is scattered over the surface of the soil, which is then loosened to mix kerosene and sand with the top layer of earth.
  6. If, during planting of seedlings, its root system is treated with a suspension of Prestige or Aktara, then the harmful insect will bypass these plants.
  7. They also scare off the cabbage in a rather unusual way, for this you need a fish. When planting seedlings in open ground, one small fresh fish should be placed in each hole. After the fish starts to rot, the unpleasant aroma that appears will scare off the pest. However, most often in this case, he does not go far.
  8. If the culture has a compact unbranched root system, then you can protect it from the bear with the help of a plastic bottle, from which the throat is cut off. To begin with, the bottle is dug into the planting hole, and then the plant is planted in it. The bottle is able to protect not only the roots, but also the shoots of the garden crop from the insect.
  9. It is recommended to attract natural enemies of this harmful insect to your site, these include: hedgehogs, lizards, centipedes, shrews, moles, ants, ground beetles and birds (rooks, starlings, storks and crows). Try to choose the most harmless of them and attract them to your garden or vegetable garden, then the cabbage will never settle on your site.

Medvedka. Two super effective and sustainable ways to get rid of the bear.

Folk methods of dealing with a bear (advice from summer residents)

A bear in the garden is a disaster for a summer resident. Gnawed roots, destroyed seeds, spoiled roots of radishes, carrots and potatoes - this is not a complete list of the "arts" of the bear, thanks to which summer residents have long put it among the most malicious pests. Therefore, the question of how to get rid of it does not leave the gardeners' agenda.

Medvedka in the garden is a disaster for the summer resident

If you are not a supporter of using chemistry on your site, there is a good selection of environmentally friendly folk methods that, with regular use, will either get rid of the pest altogether or significantly reduce its amount.

Reasons for the appearance

This voracious insect attracts an abundance of food. As a rule, various areas suffer, including well-groomed ones, where there is a variety of garden crops. Medvedka eats young greens, tubers and roots. The more well-groomed the personal plot and the more abundant the harvest, the greater the risk of the appearance of this pest.

Another factor that attracts earth crayfish is loose, fertilized soil, in which it is easy to make moves. At the same time, the bear does not eat weeds, but prefers cultivated plantings. Therefore, this insect does not occur in unkempt or abandoned household plots.

Folk ways of dealing with a bear in the garden

We will tell you how to get rid of the ubiquitous bears in the garden with the help of folk recipes. Such funds are relatively effective, we recommend using professional drugs whenever possible.

# 1. Onion peel infusion

Watering the area several times will scare away annoying insects. To do this, you need to take 1 kg per bucket of water. onion peel. The remedy is infused for a week. After filtration, the infusion is diluted with water in proportions of 1 to 5. It is recommended to process the garden after rain.

# 2. Honey trap

Since you can fight the bear in different ways, consider another option. By setting a trap in the garden, it will be possible to destroy and defeat the pests. So, the glass jar inside is processed with honey. Further, it is partially covered with an iron sheet and sprinkled with straw. After a week, the traps can be removed.

Number 3. Eggshell

The shell is completely dried in the sun, after which it is crushed.The powder is mixed with fried sunflower oil. After that, you need to find insect minks and put 1 tsp in them. bait. Also, the mixture serves as an excellent plant food, and for the bear it acts as a deadly poison.

It is better to buy a remedy that relieves a bear. It will destroy all earth-moving insects in the garden. As for folk methods, they are recommended to be used as a supplement. Such funds do not guarantee that the bears will not return after a while.

How to get rid of a bear in a garden or summer cottage?

As soon as you find a bear in your garden, you need to immediately sound the alarm, because, despite its relatively small size, this insect is capable of destroying all crops in a few hours, just like locusts.

Like most insects, the bear is activated in the spring, it is then that the fight against it is most effective. It is quite difficult to destroy the bear once and for all: for the most part, it does not lend itself to either chemicals or physical influence, therefore, most often farmers use folk recipes.

Folk remedies in the fight against a pest in the garden

Since you need to start fighting the bear in the spring, the first thing you should do is dig deep into the soil. Thus, most of the insects will die from the shovel. Eggs that remain on the surface can simply be trampled.

If you decide to fight the bear in the fall, then for this you need to dig several holes 30–60 cm deep and throw heaps of horse manure there. Due to the fact that bears are very thermophilic (as mentioned above), they will decide to spend the winter there.

In late November, when it's cold enough, grab a shovel and scatter the manure around your garden. Slow and sleepy insects will not have time to bury themselves in the ground and die.

Tincture of chicken bast is also capable of fighting a bear in the garden. In addition, it can then be used as fertilizer. Well, now let's talk in more detail about how to get rid of a bear in the garden!

We catch a bear for beer... If you are still wondering how to get rid of the bear in the garden, you can use beer! It is the method described below that all farmers consider the most effective.

To do this, purchase a variety of the cheapest beer or kvass, pour it into bottles or cans. Next, bury the glass containers in the ground at an angle of 45 °, thanks to this, the bears will more easily fall into the death trap.

Remember to empty the sour beer and throw away dead pests in the trash can. This recipe can be used throughout the gardening period.

Needles in the fight against bears... Needles will also help get rid of the bear with folk remedies. Moreover, to implement this venture, you do not need to carry out anything supernatural ...

To prevent the needles from drying out so quickly, you can sprinkle them with earth. Bears really do not like the scent of needles, and therefore most of these malicious pests will immediately leave your site.

We get rid of the bear once and for all with the help of onion peels... As you already noticed, this insect does not tolerate unpleasant odors, which is why onion peel tincture will exterminate all bears for a rather long period of time.

To prepare such a tincture, you will need 1 kg of husk or onion waste. The husk should be poured with five liters of ordinary water and insisted for about a week. After that, the resulting tincture is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and the garden is watered (2-3 times a week).

They do not tolerate insects and the smell of dead fish. Therefore, if you want to destroy the bear, you can scatter pieces of fish between the beds. When insects smell rotten, they will immediately leave your garden and will not return there until all the smell has completely disappeared.

Anti-parasite chemicals

There are not so many chemicals for getting rid of the bear: Rembek, Rubit, Vofatox, Terradox, Medvetox. Each of them has a certain effect, but it is always worth remembering that chemicals kill not only the bear, but also the animals that feed on it. These can be hedgehogs and various birds.

In addition, chemicals have a negative effect on humans, so you need to think very carefully before using such substances.

It is the poet who needs to use chemicals in tandem with poisonous baits, which are placed in holes intended for seedlings.

Watch the video: Медведка отступает в панике Medvedka retreats in panic