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Weeds on the site have always been and remain our headache. But it is more difficult to deal with thorny "guests" and it is not so easy to get rid of them, because the roots spread far underground and are happy if disturbed and begin to actively sprout. It seems that thorns have nine lives, with such constancy they reappear in the old place.
What thorns spoil the life of a gardener and how to get rid of them
Among the thorny brethren there are specimens that from year to year impudently declare their presence. They grow fabulously fast, they do not take either hail or cold. And if you gape for a week or two, they turn into real monsters.
"Wild dandelion" - sow thistle (Sonchus)
The most common weed in the Aster family. Blooms from June to July to September. Under the general name, there are several common species that resemble dandelions in flowers:
- Field is a perennial plant with thorny leaves, reaching a height of up to 1.5 m. In the third year of life, the root deepens into the ground by 4 m. Leaves are in the lead in terms of thorniness.
The sow thistle has a lot of thorns on the inside of the leaves.
- Ogorodny - annual, height 30–100 cm, blooms from June to September. Compared to the field, this species is less prickly. This species is harmless - next year it may not grow if the peduncles are cut off in time.
The most innocuous in terms of "thorniness" sow thistle
- Rough - an annual plant up to 80 cm high; jagged, hard leaves are prickly. The plant is easily pulled out of the ground.
The pricks of the prickly edges of the leaves of the rough sow thistle are rather painful.
Thistle control measures
Sow thistle can be removed from the site without the use of chemicals:
- Regularly, starting in spring, the green tops at the soil level are “shaved off” with a flat cutter. If you injure the roots, young growth will go from them.
- Sow thistles are easily pulled out of the moist soft soil by the roots, and then sent to the compost heap.
- They sow green manure, which thoroughly suppress the growth of weeds.
- The beds are mulched, the layer thickness is about 10 cm.
- The peduncles with buds are broken or torn off.
Field thistle, or pink thistle (Cirsium arvense)
Perennial, blooms with fragrant pink-purple flowers. A beautiful plant with a thorny stem and the same leaves, height 30-200 cm. The root system is branched - root suckers can appear several meters from the mother plant.
One could mention the tartar, thistle, budyak or something like that, but I do not see a big loss in this. Almost all the thorns that grow in our orchards belong to the Aster family. With a variety of morphological differences, the essence of all plants is the same. Consequently, the control measures are also similar.
The bodyak itself is very beautiful, loved by bees and butterflies, but not by gardeners
How to get rid of a thorn
From the moment of germination and throughout the summer, constantly chew the leaves with a hoe. Plants of the first year of life can be dug up. Mulching also gives good results. They use sawdust, bark, expanded clay (on the lawn), roofing material, black film, cardboard.
Video: how to cover a garden bed from weeds
If the "omission" has grown, it is cut with garden shears or cut with an ax in the bud phase or the beginning of flowering. The root has already given up all the juices for seed formation, so this procedure will greatly weaken it. But what about the remaining thick stumps and roots? The video offers an original way.
Video: how to get rid of burdock
The cut stems cannot be used in the compost heap, because the flowers, even in this position, will ripen to seed. And the thorns will remain traumatic for a long time. Picking up compost for seedlings next spring can cause serious injury.
Thorny nightshade (Solanum cornutum)
It was a European heritage, but now it can be found in the Krasnodar and Primorsky Territories, in the Rostov Region. Single specimens were found in Ivanovo and St. Petersburg. It is included in the category of quarantine weeds, that is, it is very dangerous.
The plant is a branched bush, completely covered with spines, similar to stiff hairs. Blooms from late June to late August. Flowers resemble potato, yellow in color. This weed is fraught with many dangers:
- drains and dries up the earth;
- sharp thorns clog the grass cut for forage;
- "Feeds" on itself the Colorado potato beetle and potato moth;
- can serve as a hotbed for the spread of viral diseases.
Thorny nightshade "all covered with thorns, absolutely all"
How to remove poisonous nightshade from the site
Dealing with prickly nightshade includes:
- At least 3 mows during the growing season, preferably at the time of budding.
- The introduction of only rotted manure, so as not to bring in random seeds.
- Use of clean seed material.
- The categorical destruction of single individuals.
I am totally against the use of any "cool" chemicals in the form of pesticides and herbicides. But, I suppose, there are hopeless situations when you have to step on the throat of your beliefs. Thorny nightshade falls into this category, but only when neglected.
Chemical protection involves the use of pesticides such as Hurricane, Roundup, Atrazine. Naturally, the preparation and use of the drug takes place in accordance with the instructions. Do not forget about personal safety as well.
Thorny weeds, both annuals and perennials, are plagued in several stages. It is important not to let the "splinter" bloom, and everything else will follow.
How to recognize the presence of a shrew in a garden plot: signs of the presence of an animal and methods of struggle
The shrew belongs to one of the species of the shrew family. There are about 130 species of animals. Common and tiny shrews become frequent guests of vegetable gardens. Shrews are often confused with mice. But they have a distinctive feature - an elongated narrow muzzle, similar to a proboscis.
Despite its constant proximity to humans, the shrew is very difficult to find. She leads a hidden lifestyle. The animal can ruin the lawn and the root system of garden crops.
Great workers or pests?
We know from school textbooks that ants are the most industrious insects. But when they appear in the beds, all plantings suffer from their hard work! These insects love to settle in greenhouses. They are attracted by excellent living conditions - warm, humid, enough food. In the greenhouse and greenhouse, black ants most often settle.
If the greenhouse is made of polycarbonate, then these insects rarely choose it for settlement, more often a glass greenhouse or a greenhouse under a film.
Undoubtedly, they are useful. Making moves, black ants loosen the soil, fight the spider mite. But there is also a lot of harm from them. They eat the fragile roots of plants, attract hordes of aphids. And aphids contribute to the development of various diseases.
They are harmful to the person himself. Severe allergies can develop from their bites. Summing up their harm, you need to think about how to get rid of them. Red ants appear less often. They do not bite, therefore they are less dangerous for humans, they are excellent at fighting pests.
If you can fight dandelion on paths or wastelands with powerful herbicides or powerful folk methods, then a neat lawn must be acted very carefully so as not to spoil the appearance.
It is better to give preference to mechanical methods.
You can use a tool such as a root remover. Of course, it will take a long time to work with him. Especially if the lawn covers a large area. But it's a pretty effective tool.
When using a lawn mower, keep in mind that the dandelion's growth point is barely above the ground. Therefore, you will need to fine-tune the tool to accurately remove the hated weed.
Fighting aphids in the garden forever
Fighting aphids is difficult, not only because of the rapid reproduction of the insect, but also because the pest can fly to your garden from a neighboring area.
Accordingly, even if you destroyed the colony on your site, in the future you should not neglect preventive measures that will help prevent the pest from reappearing. But we will talk about this below, but for now we will pay attention to effective methods of dealing with already existing colonies.
The simplest control of aphids involves the use of special insecticides. However, it should immediately be taken into account that such chemicals are toxic, and after using the solution, you need to wait a certain time before eating the fruits (Figure 3).
In general, experts advise first to use folk remedies to get rid of aphids, and only if they have not brought the desired result, switch to insecticides.
Preparations Aktara, Aktellik, Kalash, Karbofos, Intavir, etc. are considered effective means in the fight against aphids on currant bushes, young trees or garden crops. Each of them has its own instructions for use and dosage, which must be strictly adhered to. It is strictly forbidden to use any chemicals after flowering, when the fruits are already beginning to ripen. The fact is that, depending on the chosen product, the crop will be edible no earlier than 20-30 days after processing.
Figure 3. Chemicals are recommended only as a last resort
It should also be borne in mind that such chemicals pose a danger to beneficial insects and poultry. Therefore, before using them, you should weigh all the pros and cons of processing. If the colonies have spread too much, and there is no other way out, it is still better to use insecticides, especially since they give a pronounced positive effect almost immediately.
Getting rid of aphids with folk remedies is a little more difficult than chemical ones, since they require frequent use and do not give an instant effect. But, in comparison with insecticides, folk remedies are safer, and the harvest after their application can be safely eaten (Figure 4).
Proven traditional methods of dealing with aphids include:
- Soap solution: in a liter of water, you need to dissolve about 5 tablespoons of any detergent. It is best to use a non-flavored household. The resulting solution must be sprayed on the affected plants. But the most effective is tar soap, which repels the pest with its smell. A piece of soap must be immersed in a bucket of water, and when it is completely dissolved, spray the plant with the resulting solution.
- Ammonia: another affordable, but very effective way to remove aphids from plants. In this case, a 10% ammonia solution is used, which is combined with soap. To prepare the product, dissolve 40 grams of soap in 10 liters of warm water, add 30-40 ml of ammonia to the liquid, mix the mixture thoroughly, and then use it to spray the affected plants.
- Tobacco infusion: This recipe will require a glass of leaf tobacco or shag, but regular cigarette butts will work as well. They are poured with 5 liters of boiling water and left for a day, then filtered and used for spraying. It should be borne in mind that such a liquid has a high concentration, so it will be possible to harvest from the treated bushes no earlier than in a week.
Some summer residents advise using various herbal infusions, based on onions, potato or tomato tops, sorrel or pine needles. These funds can also be useful, but only if the insects have not spread much throughout the site.
↑ How to expel insects
For those who do not like to use chemistry in the garden or in the garden, you can try simple folk methods. Thanks to such means, insects will not die, but they will bypass the site.
↑ Pungent aroma
Ants do not tolerate pungent odors, this can be used against them. Laying out anise leaves, smoked herring heads, a mixture of sawdust and garlic around the anthill, you can ward off insects from their homes.
Another way: pour kerosene over the anthill without setting it on fire. Soon, insects will leave their habitable dwelling due to the heavy smell.
Wormwood and parsley in the garden are an effective natural ant repeller. Strawberries and strawberries in the beds will remain safe and sound if garlic is planted in the aisle.
The leaves of tomatoes and parsley, when ground, exude a sharp and unpleasant aroma for ants. It perfectly repels pests.
Ants do not tolerate the aromas of sunflower and hemp oils. It is recommended to treat tree bases with viscous substances. This will prevent insects from climbing onto their trunks.
↑ Unloved substances
Ants do not react well to tobacco ash, charcoal, turpentine. To scare off pests, they are sprinkled with green mass or the stems of fruit crops are treated.
The hunting belt is effective against all garden and horticultural pests, including ant colonies. You can improve the trap by placing foam rubber under the strip of foil.
Ants do not swim and do not like water very much. You can protect trees from them if you build clay ditches in a circle and fill them with water. The depth and width of the tank is 3-5 cm.
↑ Infusions, boiling water
First, they find an anthill or insect nests. Then stones, bricks, metal fragments are laid around them. They are watered with manure or herbal infusions. You can not take plants that repel ants: wormwood, garlic, tomato leaves. A few days later, swarms of goose bumps will gather under the rubble. They are doused with boiling water, not forgetting to pour hot water into the earthen passages.
Dissolve sugar or honey in water so that a syrup is obtained. Add to it 1 tbsp. l. dry or a piece of solid yeast, mix. You should get a gruel. It is placed in matchboxes, they are placed near ant nests. After some time, the insects will leave the site.
How snakes appear on the site
The usual habitat of snakes is forests and plantings. There are enough shelters, not too cold, there are plenty of sunlit glades and shady thickets, as well as tall grass.
However, modern statistics show that reptiles are increasingly leaving their habitats.
This happens for several reasons:
- mass deforestation
- the appearance of nearby sources of noise, radiation
- changes in climatic conditions, including average annual
Today, a dangerous neighbor can be found even in settlements. People ask questions about how to get rid of snakes indoors, since reptiles, in search of shelter, even crawl into private homes or office buildings of enterprises. It is not difficult to find them in the grass of summer cottages, close to suburban reservoirs.
However, the most frequent complaints about unwanted guests are from the owners of suburban real estate. Especially if there is a garden on the backyard and there are thickets of raspberries, herbs, bushes.
Knowing how to get rid of snakes in your summer cottage is extremely useful, since it helps to significantly increase the level of safety for yourself and your loved ones.
However, the appearance of reptiles in the area of human habitation is not necessarily due to the fact that a forest or dense planting is located close to a specific territory.
Often snakes are brought in from afar. For example, there are known cases of the appearance of reptiles near and on the territory of settlements after their introduction along with materials for filling roads and embankments.
Being and breeding in an unusual environment, reptiles behave nervously, change their habits to avoid noise and people, literally move around without any caution in search of shelter.
Common types of snakes in Russia
Most of the species of snakes that are common on the territory of Russia do not pose a danger to humans. There are no extremely poisonous specimens here either. For example, there is no cobra and other species that can practically kill
In Russia, the following are common:
The most dangerous is the viper. Its bite is potentially fatal. The poison does not have a fast mechanics of action, does not cause a pronounced tissue necrosis. It may not be enough to kill a massive enough character.
However, if a viper has bitten a child, you should immediately seek medical help, since in its absence the risk of death is quite high.
The viper can be distinguished by its characteristic skin pattern. The snake is quite small - up to 70-80 cm, but it has significant strength and is capable of moving extremely quickly with aggression.
It is clear that in the event of a meeting with a reptile, no one will study the pattern of its skin. Therefore, it is worth knowing in advance how to get rid of snakes in the garden and take appropriate measures.
Other species of reptiles that are not dangerous to humans are found much more often than the cautious viper.
For example, snakes, which can be identified by their characteristic specks on their heads, can climb into a house or garage to make a nest for wintering.
In contrast, the viper organizes a den away from housing, fearing noise and the presence of people. But even if he is met in the house he is an unwanted guest.
Knowing how to get rid of snakes in a private house will help you live in peace and not be afraid for the well-being of loved ones.
The best ways to get rid of snakes in your yard
The problem of how to get rid of snakes in the yard can be solved by different methods. In any case, it only seems difficult and impracticable.
The specific set of measures that the site owner must take depends on the number of reptiles, as well as their level of aggressiveness.
Change in natural habitat
If snakes have chosen a personal plot and began to consider the yard as their territory, you can get rid of them simply by changing the environment.
- clean up
- get rid of rotten boards, repair buildings on the site
- destroy tall grass
- help natural enemies settle on the site
Each task needs to be solved as carefully as possible. But these simple ways to get rid of snakes on the site are quite effective if the number of individuals in the population is relatively small.
To clean up is, first of all, to remove all trash and debris. Snakes are especially fond of heaps of leaves, a variety of weed residues from the garden,
heaps of construction rubbish, places with pronounced processes of decay and decomposition.
Therefore, it is worth not only putting things in order by cleaning - but also maintaining it. For example, to structure the garbage, to put it only in specially designated places with frequent removal.
Rotten structures, open passages to the underfloor space are great places for snakes. Reptiles there feel protected, including from noise.
To prevent snakes from meeting in a building built on piles, you should carefully seal up any passages to the underground, close the ventilation ducts with a small grate.
The destruction of tall grass plays an equally important role. This is the easiest way to get rid of snakes in the country. Carefully cut grass will deprive reptiles of shelter, make them change their habitat.
To enhance the effect, you can destroy the grass with a lawn mower. Its noise is extremely disliked by snakes.
It is recommended to work in high rubber boots to minimize the possibility of a successful attack by a disoriented and frightened reptile.
The last measure (attracting the natural enemies of the snake to the territory) is rather doubtful.
Snakes are most successfully hunted by hedgehogs. They can be attracted by leaving bowls of beer, pieces of stale meat on the site.
In addition to snakes, hedgehogs destroy mice, rats, various harmful insects, and toads. However, the animals themselves are capable of becoming a problem, literally ruining the site.
Domestic cats and dogs are also good at hunting snakes, considering them to be violators of their own territory. However, the habit of bringing prey to show off to the owner cannot be called the most attractive.
The use of chemistry can only be justified by excessive reproduction of snakes on the site or the presence of poisonous rocks on it.
The fact is that the poison is quite aggressive and strongly affects all, without exception, the inhabitants of the cultivated area. In addition, it significantly degrades the environment.
Before choosing a chemical preparation for the destruction of snakes, it is worth consulting with the appropriate specialists. The problem lies in the varying efficiency.
Sufficiently versatile drugs that kill all types of reptiles are not able to quickly exterminate the population or cause only minor damage to it.
Designed for the destruction of a specific breed - should be selected, first of all, after identifying the type of snake.
Chemical preparations of this type are practically not found on the free market. The easiest way to order an effective remedy is on foreign sites. One brand of snake poisoning drug is SnakeShield.
It comes in the form of granules containing sulfur and a mixture of various essential oils. Means
it is enough to scatter over the protected area.
One of the ways to protect the territory from dangerous snakes is the use of biological repellents. These scarers are liquids, powders or granules that drive away reptiles due to natural ingredients in their composition. These natural ingredients are most often essential oils.
Biological repellent "Snake Repellent OPC"
One of these is the "Snake Repellent OPC" biological repellent. The principle of scaring away snakes with this liquid is carried out due to the content of essential oils in its composition.
These essential oils have a repellent effect on reptiles. To protect the area from reptiles from the Snake Repellent OPC concentrate, you first need to prepare a working solution by stirring the contents of the bottle in one liter of water.
Then, the prepared solution must be poured into a sprayer and sprayed with it all the places that need to be protected from snakes. One bottle of 100 ml should be enough for an area of 500 m2 or 150 running meters.
Today, you can easily purchase a device that is effective enough to drive away unwanted inhabitants of the territory.
Snake scarers work in the ultrasonic range while generating vibrations.
The price of such devices is reasonable enough to protect the territory in this way.
The ultrasonic emitter can have a different design and type of power supply. The most popular models are a kind of pin, inside of which there are batteries. There are devices on the market that are powered by a 220 V network, as well as equipped with a solar panel for recharging batteries.
You can scare away snakes in simple ways. Bells, jingling sticks, tin cans, pieces of foil hanging on trees and bushes will generate noise that will disturb the snakes. Over time, this will force them to leave the territory with the created unfavorable conditions.
Vibroseismic snake repeller Tornado BOZ-01
Tornado BOZ-01 will be an effective snake repeller for a country house. This device drives all reptiles away due to the generation of vibromechanical waves.
The snakes cannot withstand the radiation of these waves and subsequently crawl away further. It is not difficult to use the vibroseismic snake repeller Tornado BOZ-01.
You must first insert 4 6V batteries into the inside of the device. Then, in the ground where it will work, it is necessary to dig a recess and bury the device tightly there.
Already somewhere in 4-6 weeks after the installation of this repeller and the start of its operation, all snakes should leave the territory. The area of action of this device reaches 200 m2.
How to get rid of snakes folk remedies combine all possible ways of negative impact on reptiles.
This could be:
- the smell of a predator or mammal. Scattered across the territory
pieces of fabric made of natural wool, trimmings of an old fur coat, sweaters -
scared away snakes
- pungent aroma. Scraps of fabric are soaked in an odorous liquid and
laid out on the protected area. As an active
substances can be used naphthalene, saltpeter, ammophosphoric
fertilizer, herbicides. For sharp, but relatively short-lived
exposure during the breeding season of snakes can be applied kerosene,
- a pungent smell can be created by burning rubber tires, tar,
other materials that emit toxic substances and fumes. it
will scare away snakes, but can also scare away or anger,
provoke aggression from neighbors. It is also useful to burn grass with
the onset of late autumn.
Natural scents also work great. Plants with a pungent, pungent odor are excellent protection. It can be garlic, tobacco, some varieties of lilies of the valley.
However, it is quite difficult to cover the entire protected area with such plants.
The snake causes instinctive, uncontrollable fear in most people. And the desire to get rid of such neighbors is quite natural.
However, when using any remedy, you should not expect a quick result. Scarers are slow, as are cleaning and other methods.
Even a poisoned bait does not give instant results. Snakes are predators and prefer fresh, live food.
In addition, reptiles can go without food for a long time. Therefore, they will not immediately pay attention to the bait.
However, the opposite is also true: any of the means described above is useful enough to ensure that as little as possible, or not at all, encounter both harmless and poisonous snakes on the site or inside buildings.